Aragon Up to the 19th century

Saint Elizabeth of Portugal (1271–1336), queen consort of Portugal and a saint of the Roman Catholic Church

Antipope Benedict XIII (1328–1423), known as Papa Luna, Avignon pope and art patron-sponsor

King Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452–1516), married queen Isabella I of Castile and united the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile, giving form to the actual Spain

Michael Servetus (1509/11–1552), theologian and physician who received numerous charges of heresy by both Catholics and Protestants and was burnt at the stake in Calvin’s Geneva during the 16th century

Joseph Calasanz (1557–1648), Catholic priest who dedicated himself to the education of poor boys at Rome and founded a society pledged to that work

Baltasar Gracián (1601–1658), writer of Spanish Baroque literature

Pablo Bruna (1611–1679), blind composer, organist

Gaspar Sanz (1640–1710), composer, guitarist and organist

Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre (1702–1780), military engineer who discovered the ruins of Pompeii

Francisco Garcés (1738–1781), missionary priest to North America who founded two pueblo missions

Francisco de Goya (1746–1828) 18th-century painter.

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